Sunday, December 22, 2019

What Plato Meant by the Form of the Good Essay - 1456 Words

What Plato Meant by the Form of the Good The basis of Platos philosophy is his theory of Ideas, or doctrine of Forms while the notion of Forms is essential to Platos philosophy, over years of philosophical study, it has been difficult to understand what these Forms are supposed to be, and the purpose of their existence. When examining Platos forms and evaluating the theory, some conclusions have proved to be unclear and unanswered. However, the doctrine of Forms is essential to Platos philosophy. Plato came to his view of the Forms based on two premises: first that knowledge cannot come through the senses; and second, we do nevertheless manage to know things - in mathematics, for instance.†¦show more content†¦The slaves know nothing of reality except the one of which they are presented as the Sun, which represents the Form of the Good is outside the cave but the slaves have no idea of its existence. One day a prisoner is released from his shackles and goes up to the upper part of the cave and sees the fire and the objects, which are casting the shadows, and he also sees the sun and is blinded by this higher form of reality. Plato believed that the way to find or realise true reality is not through gathering empirical evidence or through deep scientific tests such as studying the shadows to determine what they are. But rather that in order to break the chains we can only do so through inner contemplation or philosophical investigation in order to ascend out of the cave and see the sun which gives light to all the forms. For every sense object in the empirical world, there is a corresponding perfect Form. These Forms are non-physical, permanent, eternal, and invisible. How then, you may ask, can one ever know of the Forms if they cannot be known by sense perception? Plato answers this question by stating that the Forms are known in thought. They are the objects of thought, therefore, whenever you are thinking, you are thinking of Forms. An important point to note about the Forms is the idea of permanence as the Forms are forever unchanging. AnShow MoreRelatedThe Myth Of The Cave1391 Words   |  6 PagesDecember 14, 2015 The Myth of the Cave What is real, what is not, how can I really know the world around me? These are simple questions that philosophers have pondered on for hundreds of years. This type of questioning falls under the topic of metaphysics which deals with two broad questions of what is there and what is it like? Philosophers that discuss metaphysics question what we perceive in this world and attempt to clarify the sensations that we feel. Plato a renowned philosopher and student toRead MoreWhat Good Is Good?1716 Words   |  7 PagesConcept of Good What really is the meaning of good? Good can have many meanings and can be used in many ways. The meaning good can be used to describe an action or even a characteristic. One definition of good is â€Å"that which is morally right; righteousness†(Dictionary). My concept of good would be someone that does no wrong and lives an honest life. So my question is what really is good? If there is good does there also have to be bad and evil? Are bad and evil the same thing or do they have differentRead MoreExplain the Criticisms of Platos Theory of the Forms.1584 Words   |  7 PagesPlatos theory of forms, also called his theory of ideas, states that there is another world, separate from the material world that we live in called the eternal world of forms. This world, to Plato, is more real than the one we live in. His theory is shown in his Allegory of the Cave (from The Republic, Book VII), where the prisoners only live in what they think is a real world, but really it is a shadow of reality. According to Plato, to the prisoners in the allegory and to humanity in the materialRead MorePlatos 4 Analogies Of The Republic Analysis1579 Words   |  7 PagesIn Books VI and VII of the The Republic, Plato uses the four analogies to represent his theory of justice in the ideal state. The four analogies include the ship, the sun, the divided line, and the cave. The analogies of the ship, and the cave are used by Plato to represent the people of the state and proving his argument that philosophers are the true rulers of the state. The divided line and the sun analogies also supports Plato’s point about philosophers obtaining intellectual knowledge apposedRead MoreAristotle and Plato Ideal Government 1304 Words   |  5 PagesAristotle and Plato had this idea in their minds that there was an Ideal Government. Meaning that there was a way for someone or a group of people to perfectly control a community where everybody would have equal rights, there would be no fights and everything was perfectly under control. As of right now we believe that there is no possible way for somebody to do that, but back then Aristotle and Plato believed that they were perfectly right. Since both Aristotle and Plato were people who exploredRead MoreHow Can Live The Good Life?1345 Words   |  6 PagesHow to Live the Good Life Every individual has their personal definition of what the good life is to them. It is a high standard of living that is associated with happiness and living a life worth living. This life will create endless joy and bliss for that person. To some, this might be living the American Dream by having a blue-collar job and residing in the suburbs with a white picket fence. Every individual is different though and has a different belief system. These various values can leadRead MoreThe Republic By Plato And The Prince By Machiavelli1617 Words   |  7 PagesAlthough written nearly two centuries apart, The Republic by Plato and The Prince by Machiavelli offer important views on political philosophies of rulers. Plato writes of a perfect society where status as ruler is naturally selected through innate abilities. These abilities are used to sustain the society, better it, and preserve it. Machiavelli writes of a society where anyone can be a prince; which for our purposes is a synonym fo r ruler, if they follow his instructions. These instructions areRead MoreCritical Analysis of Plato and Aristotle1634 Words   |  7 PagesON POL 311 (HISTORY OF POLITICAL THOUGHT) TOPIC A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PLATO AND ARISTOTLES POLITICAL THOUGHT WRITTEN BY OKWOR, STEPHEN USHIE 09/ED/EF/814 DEPT OF EDUCATIONAL FOUNDATIONS (POLITICAL SCIENCE UNIT) FACULTY OF EDUCATION SUBMITTED TO DR. EJERE DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF UYO, UYO AKWA IBOM STATE MAY, 2012 A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PLATO AND ARISTOTLES POLITICAL THOUGHT In order to compare these great philosophersRead MoreThe Allegory Of The Cave872 Words   |  4 Pagesnow used to describe what something is. â€Å"The Republic stresses that true dialectic is performed by thinking solely of the abstract and nonsensible realm of forms; it requires that reason secure an unhypothetical first principle (the Good) and then derive other results in light of it† (Meinwald). In later dialogues like Parmenides, dialectic is used to understand forms in the proper manner. Although The Allegory of the Cave was mentioned in relation to the Republic, Plato also used it to describeRead MoreEssay on Comparing and Contrasting Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle708 Words   |  3 Pagesis basically what a philosopher is. A philosopher is a person that usually thinks about life and tries to find out mysterious questions, and how to solve them. Since a long time ago, in ancient Greece, many people would just meditate about life, and would sit or talk and write books about life. These have always been one of Greeks reasons of why it is so famous. Because of their marvelous philosophers. The most important philosophers from that time and always are: Aristotle, Plato and Socrates.

Saturday, December 14, 2019

Were the French Right to Execute Their King Free Essays

Were the French Revolutionaries Right To Execute Their King? Over the years since the execution of Louis 16th there have been several different discussions as to whether it was right for the French revolutionaries to execute their king. There are a number of reasons to lead people to think that it was right that Louis 16th was beheaded by the blood stained blade of the guillotine. The defendants of the revolutionaries state that Louis 16th was a horrific traitor to the majority of his people. We will write a custom essay sample on Were the French Right to Execute Their King or any similar topic only for you Order Now The first was that he believed in feudalism, â€Å"slavery and all sorts of things that were genuinely satanic. The French Revolution saw peasants in the third estate rebel against an extremely corrupt tax system that caused millions of deaths and years of famine. French society was organised into three estates. The first two estates (church and nobility) enjoyed great privileges. The third estate, which had no privileges had to pay all the taxes. This system was called â€Å"The Ancient Regime. † The third estate consisted of ninety six percent of the population and the remaining four percent were the first and second estates. In 1700s the cost of living was rising fast but wages remained low. This, along with the corrupt tax system plunged the third estate deep into a huge economic crisis which left them fighting over scraps of food. There were also new ideas spreading in 1700s. For example the American Declaration of Independence in 1776 included ideas such as; all people are born equal, people have rights and the government should govern in the interests of the people. None of these were happening in France. Lastly, King Louis spent a lot of the money that he had collected from the third estate on luxuries. On the other hand, there are people with contrasting views who believe that the French king should not have been executed. There first and most important argument is that Louis did ask the first and second estates to pay taxes but they refused. As a result it was not his fault that the third estate was charged heavy taxes and subsequently not his fault that the first and second estates were not taxed. Another argument is that the French government was in a great amount of debt (mainly because of the wars in Canada). As a result Louis had no other choice but to raise taxes. Also, Louis was not the person responsible for spending a lot of the money, his wife Marie Antoinette was. She splashed money on numerous extremely expensive items such necklaces, rings and several other items. In conclusion, I think that the French revolutionists were right to execute their king mainly because Louis taxed the extremely poor but did not tax the rich. This was exceptionally cruel and corrupt. Also, the king let his wife, Marie Antoinette spend lots of money that was collected from tax that should have gone towards the French government and the overall maintenance of the country. How to cite Were the French Right to Execute Their King, Papers

Friday, December 6, 2019

Language used by celebrity chefs free essay sample

Furthermore, being a celebrity chef on television and the only (lead) character of ones own cooking show means that every characteristic speech, behaviour, race, and gender is magnified and enlarged for all to see. The pressure of being in the media spotlight and consequently getting accepted by the mass audience is even more reason for celebrity chefs (and their show producers) to exaggerate their genders on television so that they successfully distance themselves from the opposite gender. Thus, the core of the analysis in this discussion will centre on how celebrity chefs use language to achieve this effect, with specific focus on two chefs In The F Word, which stars Gordon Ramsay a celebrity chef notorious for his very liberal swearing, insolence, and fiery temper on television the letter F actually refers to food, but we are inevitably forced to think of the other F word, which is related to swearing and sex. We will write a custom essay sample on Language used by celebrity chefs or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It is extremely unlikely for a female chef to star in a show which has a (potentially) crude title like this. Regardless of whether we like or not, want it or not, celebrity chefs will continue to use language and other resources to construct well-defined gendered identities that we as viewers will easily accept as long as they are in line with our own gender beliefs. The inventions of modern day technology such as the TV have meant that English spoken language is as varied now as it has ever been; you only have to flick through the TV channels to discover the differences in the language a news reporter uses, compared to that of a chat show host. This also applies to different people talking about the same subject; this can be illustrated in the study of Jamie Oliver’s and Gordon Ramsay’s unique adaptations of spoken language to suit the audience and purpose of their different cooking shows. Jamie oliver: supports his laidback attitude Target audience: 30 younger – slang and childish prhases